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Discovering Natural Gas & Oil

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Discovering Natural Gas & Oil

Hydrocarbons - natural gas, crude oil and condensate are found either sands or layers of rock that are trapped beneath the surface. The reservoir must have several characteristics in order for the gas and oil to be produced.

Characteristics of Oil & Gas Reservoirs

Porosity - The quality or state of being porous or The ratio of the volume of interstices of a material to the volume of the mass: Relative to Gas and oil Fields - Porosity is essential in a gas or oil reservoir in order for it to produce. Porosity is a measure of the opening in a rock, which allows the hydrocarbons to store. If a reservoir looks good it will have what is called pores (which is considered "porous"). The volume and size of openings in the reservoir is what determines the porosity. The larger the pores the more hydrocarbons can be stored!

Permeability - The property of a magnetizable substance that determines the degree in which it modifies the magnetic flux in the region occupied by it in a magnetic field: Relative to Gas and Oil Fields - The pores of the rock must be connected together so that the hydrocarbons can move from one pore to another. If hydrocarbons cannot move from on pore to another, the hydrocarbons stay contained and locked within the reservoir and cannot be produced.

Pressure and Heat - Along with "porosity" and "permeability" additional items where needed to create hydrocarbons that our society demands for. Pressure are created from what is referred to in the oil industry as "traps". These traps allow the gas and oil to become stored in a particular reservoir not allowing it to migrate. If the hydrocarbons are not allowed to migrate, hence, pressure is created. In reservoirs that are "water-driven", pressures typically will remain constant or reduce at a much lesser pace even while production is in place.

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American's Natural Energy
Phone: (909) 214-2002   Email: info@americasnatural.com

THIS MATERIAL IS DESIGNED FOR MARKETING PURPOSES ONLY. The information on these pages is intended solely for the benefit of participants in the oil and natural gas exploration and production industry, developers, other persons interested in operating relationships with America's Natural Energy, or persons who have pre-existing relationships with American's Natural Energy. The natural gas and oil interests are owned by limited partnerships located in Delaware.